Frank Andersen is one of the world´s leading producers of Bournonville ballets. He was trained at the Royal Danish Ballet School at the Royal Theatre. He became a dancer at the Royal Danish Ballet in 1971 and was appointed as a principal dancer in 1977.
In 1976 Andersen and Dinna Bjørn founded the Bournonville Group which consists of the principal dancers of the Royal Danish Ballet. The Bournonville Group has performed for example in the United States, Canada, Scandinavia, Italy, Israel, West Germany, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand. Andersen's Bournonville productions have been performed for example in the Monte Carlo Ballet, the Royal Danish Ballet, the Inoue Ballet, the National Ballet of China, the Royal Swedish Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, Finnish National Ballet, the State Ballet of Georgia, the National Ballet of Estonia, the Maggio Dance Company, the National Ballet of Prague, the National Ballet of Cuba, the San Carlo Theatre Ballet, the Stanislavskij Theatre Ballet, the Vietnam National Opera Ballet, the Companhia Nacional de Bailado, the National Ballet of Slovenia, the Liaoning Ballet, Beijing Dance Academy, the Ballet Teatro Teresa Carreno, the Royal Conservatory and Dance in Holland, the Ballet Nacional SODRE, the GOH Ballet Academy, the National Conservatory of Dance in Portugal, the Macedonian National Opera and Ballet, Staattsballett Berlin, English National Ballet and Oregon Ballet Theatre.
Andersen worked as the Artistic Director of the Royal Danish Ballet from 1985 to 1994 and again from 2002 to 2008. He has also worked as the artistic director of the Royal Swedish Ballet from 1995 to 1999. He has worked as an artistic advisor for example for the Inoue Ballet, National Ballet of China, Beijing Dance Theatre and on the artistic board, Beijing Dance Academy, Goh Ballet Academy and Ballet Teatro Teresa Carreño. Andersen worked as the artistic director for Nina Ananiashvili and International Stars from 1991 to 2001.
Andersen was the president of the jury in the Prix de Lausanne ballet competition in 1990, 2010 and 2013. He has been nominated with several awards such as the Dance Magazine Award (2002), Man of the Year of Danish-American Society (2004), Swedish-Danish Culture Prize (1997), Danish-Swedish Culture Prize (1999), Carina Ari Foundation Gold medal (1999), the Berlingske Foundation Prize of Honor (2000), The Vibeke Rørvigs Ballet Grant (2002), Margot Lander's Grant of Honour (2003), Premio Galileo (2006) and the Albert Gaubier Prize of Honor (2008).
In 2012 Andersen became a professor in ballet at Beijing Dance Academy. He published the first book in Chinese about The Royal Danish Ballet and Bournonville in 2014. In 2017 he published the second book about the correspondence between H. C. Andersen and August Bournonville. Frank Andersen is the Commander of the Danish Dannebrog Order.